European economic integration and the organization of national public policies: empirical insights from selected sectors
Seminar by Giovanni Esposito, Tobias Kaloud, Mauto Pinto
(WU Vienna, HEC Liège, University of Naples "L'Orientale")
On Thursday, February 9, 2017 at 10:00 am (Room S30 - B5b)
Talk 1 : New Public Management across the European Railway Sectors: empirical insights
According to NPM’s (New Public Management) normative foundations the use of market institutions and private-sector tools in public sector management allows public organizations to deliver more with less by providing more efficient and effective public services. Nevertheless, the findings of this study reveal that, after about 30 years of EU-driven liberalization policies in national railway sectors, European companies’ investments in infrastructure have increased without having positive impact on prices paid by railway services users. The paper provides empirical evidence that lower tariffs of railway services in Europe are not correlated with the adoption of competition-friendly regulation but rather with a greater presence of state structures in the management of the sector. The study goes through this paradox and sheds light on the way how railway infrastructure investments have been planned and managed in the EU over the last 30 years. This is done through a longitudinal case-study research of the Lyon-Turin project, a planned high-speed railway infrastructure financed by Italian and French governments in collaboration with the European Commission. By studying the governance system of this complex transnational project, the study provides a comparative picture of infrastructure investments decisionmaking by highlighting differences not only across national contexts (France and Italy) but also across levels of governments (nation states and supranational organizations).
By Giovanni Esposito (LENTIC, HEC Liège-ULg), Tobias Kaloud (Vienna University of Economics and Business)
Talk 2 : Modelling Activation in Europe - A multidimensional analysis from 1991 to 2010
Over recent decades, a wide literature has been devoted to the analysis of the evolution of welfare states in industrialized countries. Existing contributions are mainly based on casestudies of the transformation of social policies in the European Union/OECD countries, or on cross-country empirical analyses aimed at investigating convergence/divergence among national social protection systems. With the purpose of extending the latter branch of the literature, this article aims to specifically investigate the varieties of Activation policies through an analysis of the evolution of national public expenditure for labour markets among 14 European countries from 1991 to 2010. Based on multidimensional statistical techniques - such as Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis - our results reveal relevant transformations in countries’ expenditure behaviours over the analysed period.
By Mauro Pinto (Département des Sciences Humaines et Sociales de l’Université de Naples « L’Orientale »)